What is DNA Profiling?
Each dog has a unique DNA signature that we call its DNA profile or fingerprint, which can be likened to a biological microchip because each DNA profile is unique to an individual dog. The DNA profile can therefore be used to uniquely identify a particular dog. Unlike the microchip, however, the DNA profile can provide more information than this. Since a dog inherits half of its DNA from its dam and the other from its sire, this means that half of a dog’s DNA profile is inherited from its dam and the other half from its sire. Therefore we can also use a dog’s DNA profile to verify that its registered parents are in fact its biological parents, provided DNA profiles are available from both parents.
Thus a DNA profile can be used to identify an individual dog for life and that profile can also be compared to its parents’ profiles to verify parentage.